Ptilonyssus japuibensis Castro, 1948

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fig 115 (a). Ptilonyssus japuibensis female dorsal habitus.

Fig 115 (b). Ptilonyssus japuibensis female dorsum.

Fig 115 (c). Ptilonyssus japuibensis female venter.

North American host records:
Emberizidae:
Amphispiza bilineata, Black-throated Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Calamospiza melanocorys, Lark Bunting (Pence 1975)
Chondestes grammacus, Lark Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Melospiza georgiana, Swamp Sparrow (Pence 1972, 1975)
Melospiza lincolnii, Lincolnís Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Passerculus sandwichensis, Savannah Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Passerina cyanea, Indigo Bunting (Pence 1975)
Pheucticus ludovicianus, Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Knee et al. 2008)
Pipilo erythrophthalmus, Eastern Towhee (Pence 1972, 1973, 1975)
Pipilo fuscus, Canyon Towhee (Pence 1975)
Pooecetes gramineus, Vesper Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Spizella pallida, Clay-colored Sparrow (Knee et al. 2008)
Spizella passerina, Chipping Sparrow (Pence 1975)
Spizella pusilla, Field Sparrow (Pence 1972, 1975)
Zonotrichia albicollis, White-throated Sparrow (Pence 1972, 1975; Knee et al. 2008)

Icteridae:
Molothrus ater, Brown-headed Cowbird (Spicer 1987; Knee et al. 2008)

Parulidae:
Dendroica coronata, Yellow-rumped Warbler (George 1961; Knee et al. 2008)
Dendroica magnolia, Magnolia Warbler (Pence 1975; Knee et al. 2008)
Dendroica petechia, Yellow Warbler (Pence 1975; Knee et al. 2008)
Dendroica pinus, Pine Warbler (George 1961; Knee et al. 2008)
Dendroica striata, Blackpoll Warbler (Pence and Casto 1976; Knee et al. 2008)
Dendroica tigrina, Cape May Warbler (Pence 1975; Knee et al. 2008)
Mniotilta varia, Black-and-white Warbler (George 1961)
Oporornis tolmiei, MacGillivray's Warbler (George 1961)
Seiurus aurocapillus, Ovenbird (Pence and Casto 1976; Knee et al. 2008)
Seiurus noveboracensis
, Northern Waterthrush (Knee et al. 2008)
Setophaga ruticilla, American Redstart (Pence 1975; Knee et al. 2008)
Vermivora peregrina, Tennessee Warbler (Knee et al. 2008)
Wilsonia canadensis, Canada Warbler (Knee et al. 2008)
Wilsonia citrina, Hooded Warbler (George 1961)
Wilsonia pusilla, Wilsonís Warbler (George 1961)

Tyrannidae:
Empidonax alnorum, Alder Flycatcher (Hyland and Moorhouse 1970)

Diagnostic characteristics:
- two dorsal shields, podosomal and pygidial shields
- posterior margin of podosomal shield is trilobed
- st1 st2 and st3 off the sternal shield
- subapical ventral setal pair on tarsus IV are relatively long strong spikes
- six pairs of ventral opisthosomal setae
- four pairs of mesolateral setae
- at least two pairs of mesolateral setae twice as long as other mesolateral setae
- subposterior pair of dorsal podosomal setae are less than half the length of the longest mesolateral setae
- paranal setae level with anal opening, paranal and postanal setae are equal or almost equal in length

Note:
- Ptilonyssus japuibensis and P. sairae are members of the "sairae" species complex. The species boundaries between the members of the "sairae" complex are very indistinct.

References:
Castro, M.P. 1948. Reestruturacao generica da familia Rhinonyssidae Vitzthum 1935 (Acari:
        Mesostigmata: Gamasides) e descraicao de algumas especies novas. Arquivos do Instituto
        Biologico, 18: 253-284.

George, J.E. 1961. The nasal mites of the genus Ptilonyssus (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae) occurring
        on some north american passerifrom birds. Kansas Entomological Society, 34: 105-132.
Hyland, K.E., and Moorhouse, A. 1970. Nasal mites from Mexican birds. I. Rhinonyssidae
        (Mesostigmata) from the host family Tyrannidae. Acarologia, 12: 43-58.
Knee, W., Proctor, H., and Galloway, T. 2008. Survey of nasal mites (Rhinonyssidae, Ereynetidae,
        and Turbinoptidae) associated with birds in Alberta and Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Entomologist,
        140
: 364-379.

Pence, D.B. 1972. The nasal mites of birds from Louisiana IV. The genus Ptilonyssus
        (Dermanyssidae: Rhinonyssinae) with a description of two new species. Journal of
        Parasitology, 58: 1162-1169.
Pence, D.B. 1973. The nasal mites of birds from Louisiana. VIII. Additional records and
        description of a new species (Acarina: Dermanyssidae, Ereynetidae, Epidermoptidae,
        and Cytoditidae). Journal of Parasitology, 59: 874-880.
Pence, D.B. 1975. Keys, species and host list, and bibliography for nasal mites of
        North American birds (Acarina: Rhinonyssinae, Turbinoptinae,
        Speleognathinae, and Cytoditidae). Special Publications of the Museum Texas
        Tech University, 8: 1-148.

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