Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification

Capniidae (Plecoptera) in Canada east of Alberta

CJAI 36 -- April 05, 2019

D.K. Burton

| Abstract | Introduction | Materials & Methods | Checklist | Results and Discussion | Key to Genera | References | PDF | Cite |



Baumann, R.W. and Gaufin, A.R. 1970. The Capnia projecta complex of western North America (Plecoptera: Capniidae). Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 96:435–468.

Baumann, R.W., Gaufin, A.R., and Surdick, R.E. 1977. The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Rocky Mountains. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society, 3:101–207.

Brinck, P. 1958. On a collection of stoneflies (Plecoptera) from Newfoundland and Labrador. Opuscula Entomologica, 23: 47–58.

Burton, D.K. 1984. Distribution of Manitoba stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, 40:39–51.

Canadian Endangered Species Conservation Council. 2016. Wild Species 2015: The General Status of Species in Canada. National General Status Working Group: 128 pp. [retrieved Nov. 2018].

Claassen, P.W. 1924. New species of North American Capniidae (Plecoptera). The Canadian Entomologist, 56(2):43–48

DeWalt, R.E., Favret, C., and Webb, D.W. 2005. Just how imperiled are aquatic insects? A case study of stoneflies (Plecoptera) in Illinois. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 98:941–950.

DeWalt, R.E. and Grubbs, S.A. 2011. Updates to the stonefly fauna of Illinois and Indiana. Illiesia, 7(3):31–50.

DeWalt, R.E., Maehr, M.D., Neu-Becker, U., and Steuber, G. 2018. Plecoptera Species File Online. Version 5.0/5.0. Available online: [retrieved Nov. 2018].

Dobrin, M. and Giberson, D.J. 2003. Life history and production of mayflies, stoneflies, and caddisflies (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera) in a spring-fed stream in Prince Edward Island, Canada: Evidence for population asynchrony in spring habitats? Canadian Journal of Zoology, 81:1083–1095.

Dosdall, L.M. 1992. New records of Saskatchewan stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Manitoba, 48:14–31.

Dosdall, L.M. and Giberson, D.J. 2014. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Canadian Prairie Provinces. pp. 201-229. In: Cárcamo, H.A. and Giberson, D.J. (eds.). Arthropods of Canadian Grasslands (Volume 3). Biodiversity and Systematics Part 1. Biological Survey of Canada.

Dosdall, L.M. and Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1979. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Saskatchewan. Quaestiones Entomologicae, 15:3–116.

Dosdall L.M. and Lehmkuhl, D.M. 1987. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Lake Athabasca region of northern Saskatchewan and their biogeographical affinities. Canadian Entomologist, 119: 1059–1062.

Flannagan, J.F. 1978. The winter stoneflies Allocapnia granulata (Taeniopterygidae) [sic], Taeniopteryx nivalis and T. parvula (Capniidae) [sic] in southern Manitoba. The Canadian Entomologist, 110:111–112.

Flannagan, J.F., and Cobb, D.G. 1983. New records of winter stoneflies (Plecoptera) from Manitoba with notes on their zoogeographical origins. The Canadian Entomologist, 115: 673–677.

Giberson, D.J. and Garnett, H.L 1996. Species composition, distribution, and summer emergence phenology of stoneflies (Insecta: Plecoptera) from Catamaran Brook, New Brunswick. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 74: 1260–1267.

Harper, P.P. 1971. Plécoptères nouveaux du Québec (Insectes). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 49:685–690.

Harper, P.P. and Harper, F. 1983. Biogéographie et associations des plécoptères d'hiver du Québec méridional (Plecoptera: Capniidae et Taeniopterygidae). The Canadian Entomologist, 115:1465–1476.

Harper, P.P. and Hynes, H.B.N. 1971. The Capniidae of eastern Canada (Insecta: Plecoptera). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 49:921–940.

Harper, P.P. and Hynes, H.B.N. 1972. Life-histories of Capniidae and Taeniopterygidae (Plecoptera) in southern Ontario. Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Supplement, 40:274–314.

Harper, P.P. and Ricker, W.E. 1994. Distribution of Ontario stoneflies (Plecoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 125:43–66.

Hanson, J.F. 1960. A case of hybridization in Plecoptera. Bulletin Brooklyn Entomological Society, 55:25–34.

Hitchcock, S.W. 1974. Guide to the Insects of Connecticut: Part VII. The Plecoptera or stoneflies of Connecticut. Bulletin State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut, 107:1–262.

Kondratieff, B.C. and Baumann, R.W. 1994. Assault on Atlantic Canada: A stonefly collecting foray to the Canadian Maritime Provinces. Perla, 12:16–19.

Kondratieff, B.C. and. Baumann, R.W. 2003. Confirmation of the Pygmy Snowfly, Allocapnia pygmaea (Burmeister) (Plecoptera: Capniidae) from North Dakota, United States. Entomology News, 114(5):289–290.

Kondratieff, B.C., DeWalt, R.E., and Verdone, C.J. 2019. Plecoptera of Canada. In D.W. Langor and C.S. Sheffield (Eds). The Biota of Canada – A Biodiversity Assessment. Part 1: The Terrestrial Arthropods. ZooKeys (in press).

Muranyi, D., Gamboa, M., and Orci, K.M. 2014. Zwicknia gen. n., a new genus for the Capnia bifrons species group, with descriptions of three new species based on morphology, drumming signals and molecular genetics, and a synopsis of the west Palaearctic and Nearctic genera of Capniidae (Plecoptera). Zootaxa, 3812(1):1–82.

Nebeker, A.V. and Gaufin, A.R. 1965. The Capnia columbiana complex of North America (Capniidae: Plecoptera). Transactions American Entomological Society, 91:467–487.

Nelson, C.R. and Baumann, R.W. 1987. The winter stonefly genus Capnura (Plecoptera: Capniidae) in North America: Systematics, phylogeny and zoogeography. Transactions American Entomological Society, 113:1–28.

Nelson, C.R. and Baumann, R.W. 1989. Systematics and distribution of the winter stonefly genus Capnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae) in North America. The Great Basin Naturalist, 49(3):289–363.

Ratnasingham, S. and Hebert, P.D.N. 2007. Bold: The Barcode of Life Data System. ( Molecular ecology notes, 7(3):355–364.

Ricker, W.E. 1935. New Canadian perlids (part II). The Canadian Entomologist, 67(12) :256-264.

Ricker, W.E. 1944. Some Plecoptera from the far north. The Canadian Entomologist, 76:174–185.

Ricker, W.E. 1948. Stoneflies of the Maritime Provinces and Newfoundland. Transactions of the Royal Canadian Institute, 26:3–8.

Ricker, W.E. 1954. Nomenclatorial notes on Plecoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 51:37–39.

Ricker, W.E. 1964. Distribution of Canadian Stoneflies. Gewasser und Abwasser, 34/35:50–71.

Ricker, W.E., Malouin, R., Harper, P., and Ross, H.H. 1968. Distribution of Quebec stoneflies (Plecoptera). Naturaliste Canada, 95:1085–1123.

Ross, H.H. and Ricker, W.E. 1971. The classification, evolution, and dispersal of the winter stonefly genus AllocapniaIllinois Biological Monographs, 45:1–166.

Stark, B.P. and Baumann, R.W. 2004. The winter stonefly genus Paracapnia (Plecoptera: Capniidae). Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist, 2:96–108.

Stark, B. P. and Kondratieff, B. C. 2012. Epiproct and dorsal process structure in Allocapnia forbesi Frison, A. pygmaea (Burmeister), and A. rickeri Frison species groups (Plecoptera: Capniidae), and inclusion of A. minima (Newport) in a new species group. Illiesia, 8: 45–77.

Stark, B.P., Szczytko, S.W., and Baumann, R.W. 1986. North American stoneflies (Plecoptera): Systematics, distribution and taxonomic references. The Great Basin Naturalist, 46(3):383–397

Stark, B.P., Harrison, A.B., and Nye, K.C. 2016. Records of an uncommon stonefly, Nemocapnia carolina Banks (Plecoptera: Capniidae), in South Carolina and nearby states. Illiesia, 12(02):10–14.

Stewart, K.W. and Oswood, M.W. 2006. The stoneflies (Plecoptera) of Alaska and western Canada. Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio. 325 pp.

Stewart, K.W. and Ricker, W.E. 1997. Stoneflies (Plecoptera) of the Yukon. Pp. 201–222. In: Danks, H.V. and Downes, J.A. (eds.). Insects of the Yukon. Biological Survey of Canada (Terrestrial Arthropods), Ottawa. 1034 pp.

Webb, D.W. 2002. The winter stoneflies of Illinois (Insecta: Plecoptera): 100 years of change. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin, 36:195–274.

Zenger, J.T. and Baumann, R.W. 2004. The Holarctic winter stonefly genus Isocapnia, with emphasis on the North American fauna (Plecoptera: Capniidae). Monographs of the Western North American Naturalist, 2:65–95.