ISSN 1911-2173

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Revision of the World species of Xeris Costa (Hymenoptera: Siricidae)

CJAI 28 — September 25, 2015

doi: 10.3752/cjai.2015.28

Henri Goulet1, Caroline Boudreault1 and Nathen M. Schiff2

2. Material and Methods

2.1 Material

We based this study on more than 2400 specimens. Holotypes, lectotypes and syntypes, and specimens studied are preserved in the following 39 collections. The curator or lender name follows the institution name.

ANIC Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO, Australia Capital Territory, Australia. Nicole Fisher.

Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, USA. J. Weintraub.


Biology Department, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. R. Longair.


Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, England. C. Gillette.

BYUC Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA. S. M. Clark.
CFIA Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa, ON, Canada. H. Douglas.

Canadian National Collection of Insects and Arachnids, Ottawa, ON, Canada. H. Goulet.


Clemson University Arthropod Collection, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA. J. C. Morse.

CUIC Cornell University Insect Collection, Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA. E. R. Hoebeke.

Department of Environmental Biology, University of Guelph, ON, Canada. S. A. Marshall & S. Paiero.


Entomology Department, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada. †R. E. Roughley.

FRLC Atlantic Forestry Centre, Natural Resurces Canada, Fredericton, NB, Canada. J. Sweeney.
FRNZ Scion – next generation biomaterials, Te Papa Tipu Innovation Park, Rotorua, New Zealand. S. Sopow.

Great Lake Forest Centre, Natural Resources Canada, Sault Ste. Marie, ON, Canada. K. Nystrom.


Insect Collection, Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, IL, USA.


Campo Experimental Pabellón,  Pabellón de Artiga, Aguascaliente, C. P. 20660, Mexico, G. Danchez-Martinez.


Laurentian Forestry Centre, Natural Resource Canada, Ste. Foy, QC, Canada. J. Klimaszewski.


Lyman Entomological Museum and Research Laboratory, MacDonald College, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, QC, Canada. T. A. Wheeler.

LSUK Linnean Society, Burlington House, Piccadilly, London, England.
MNCN Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Paseo de la Castellana, Spain. M. París.


Ministère des Ressources Naturelles, Direction de l’Environnement et de la Protection des Forêts, Service des Relevés et des Diagnostiques, Québec, QC, Canada. C. Piché.

MTEC Department of Entomology, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA. M. A. Ivie.
NFRC Northern Forestry Centre, Natural Resource Canada, Northwest Region, Edmonton, AB, Canada. G. Pohl.

Department of Zoology, National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. A. Shinohara.

OSAC Oregon State Arthropod Collection, Department of Zoology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA. C. Marshall.

Oberӧsterreichische Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria. C. Reitstatter.


Hope Entomological Collections, University Museum, Oxford, England. J. E. Hogan.


Pacific Forestry Centre, Natural Resource Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada. L. Humble.


Department of Zoology, Punjabi University, Patiala-147002, India. M. S. Saini.


Department of Entomology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, ON, Canada. C. Darling.


Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Münchenberg, Germany. A. Taeger and S. M. Blank.


Department of Entomology Collection, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA. D. Madison.


University of Alaska Museum, Fairbanks, AK, USA. D. Sikes.


Department of Zoology, Strickland Entomological Museum, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. D. Shpeley.


University of California, Riverside, CA, USA. D. Yanega.


Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Taichung, Taiwan. Chi-Feng Lee.


National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. D.R. Smith.


USDA Forest Service, State and Private Forestry, Forest Health Protection, Fairbanks Unit, Fairbanks, AK. USA. J. J. Kruse.


USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station, Athens, GA, USA. D. Miller.


USDA Forest Service, Stoneville, MS, USA. N. M. Schiff.


Department of Entomology, Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken, Copenhagen, Denmark. L. Vilhelmsen.


Natural history Museum, University of Oslo, Department of Zoology, Insect Collection, Oslo, Norway. Lars Ove Hansen.

Table of contents Abstract Introduction Materials and Methods Biology Hosts Parasitoids Morphology Key DNA References Citation Appendices PDFs