Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification

An Illustrated Identification Key to Assassin Bug Subfamilies and Tribes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)

CJAI 26 -- December 10, 2014

C. Weirauch, J.-M. Bérenger, L. Berniker, D. Forero, M. Forthman, S. Frankenberg, A. Freedman, E. Gordon, R. Hoey-Chamberlain, W. S. Hwang, S. A. Marshall, A. Michael, S. M. Paiero, O. Udah, C. Watson, M. Yeo, G. Zhang, J. Zhang

| Abstract | Introduction | Synopsis | Morphology | Identification Keys | Taxon Treatments | Acknowledgments | References | PDF | Cite |

Taxon Treatments

Table of Contents

The following taxon treatments are designed to combine short diagnoses, summaries of the taxonomic history and distribution of the subfamily, some notes on the natural history, the most important references for each of the subfamilies, and additional images of specimens, dead and, where available, alive and in their natural surroundings. Diagnoses of the 25 subfamilies of Reduviidae here recognized are meant to complement the identification key. The taxonomic scope and history varies in depth from a fairly comprehensive treatment for some of the smaller subfamilies, to a rather superficial perspective for some of the larger and more diverse groups. The taxonomic notes are complemented by comments on the phylogenetic status of many of the subfamilies, making it evident that the classification of Reduviidae we accepted for the purposes of this project will be in flux in the near future. To shorten the list of references on each taxon treatment, we list below several references that are of importance to all of the taxon pages and that we do not repeat for individual subfamilies. The hyperlinks “Back to Content” and “Back to Key” point back to the main content page and the final page in the subfamily key for a given taxon, respectively.

Anatomical orientation: When referring to specific surfaces of appendages, in particular the legs, we think of the appendages being extended. For example, we refer to surface of the foretibia that carries the foretibial comb as anterior surface.

General references

Henry, T.J. and Froeschner, R.C. 1988. Catalog of the Heteroptera, or true bugs, of Canada and the Continental   United States. CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Hwang, W.S. and Weirauch, C. 2012. Evolutionary history of assassin bugs: insights from divergence dating and   ancestral state reconstruction. PLoS ONE, 7: 1– 12. e45523. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045523

Maldonado, J. 1990. Systematic catalogue of the Reduviidae of the world (Insecta: Heteroptera). Caribbean Journal of   Science, Special Edition.

Maw, H.E.L., Foottit, R.G., Hamilton, K.G.A., and Scudder, G.G.E. 2000. Checklist of the Hemiptera of Canada and   Alaska. NRC Research Press, Ottawa.

Putchkov, V.G. and Putchkov, P.V. 1985. A catalog of assassin-bug genera of the World (Heteroptera, Reduviidae).   [Published by the authors], Kiev.

Schuh, R.T. and Slater, J.A. 1995. True bugs of the World (Hemiptera: Heteroptera): classification and natural history.   Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Guide to Subfamilies:
1.     Bactrodinae
2.     Centrocnemidinae
3.     Cetherinae
4.     Chryxinae
5.     Ectrichodiinae
6.     Elasmodeminae
7.     Emesinae
8.     Hammacerinae
9.     Harpactorinae
10.   Holoptilinae
11.   Manangocorinae
12.   Peiratinae
13.   Phimophorinae
14.   Phymatinae
15.   Physoderinae
16.   Pseudocetherinae
17.   Reduviinae
18.   Saicinae
19.   Salyavatinae
20.   Sphaeridopinae
21.   Stenopodainae
22.   Triatominae
23.   Tribelocephalinae
24.   Vesciinae
25.   Visayanocorinae