Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification

An Illustrated Identification Key to Assassin Bug Subfamilies and Tribes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)

CJAI 26 -- December 10, 2014

C. Weirauch1*, J.-M. Bérenger2, L. Berniker1,3, D. Forero1,4, M. Forthman1, S. Frankenberg1, A. Freedman1,5, E. Gordon1, R. Hoey-Chamberlain1, W. S. Hwang1,6, S. A. Marshall7, A. Michael1, S. M. Paiero7, O. Udah8, C. Watson1, M. Yeo9, G. Zhang1,10, J. Zhang1

1 Department of Entomology, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, United States
2 Aix Marseille Université, URMITE, UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, INSERM 1095, 13005 Marseille and Laboratoire de biologie et évolution des insectes, École pratique des hautes études et Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, 45, rue Buffon, 75005 Paris, France
3 Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY 10024, United States
4 Departamento de Biología, Laboratorio de Entomología (106B), Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
5 Department of Biology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States
6 Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, 117543 Singapore
7 School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada
8 Department of Crop Production & Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
9 St. George’s Road, Singapore 321021;
10 School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, PO Box 874501, Tempe, AZ 85287, United States

* Corresponding Author;



| Abstract | Introduction | Synopsis | Morphology | Identification Keys | Taxon Treatments | Acknowledgments | References | PDF | Cite |


Reduviidae (assassin bugs) is the second largest family of the hemipteran suborder Heteroptera (true bugs). The family contains 25 subfamilies, the largest number amongst true bugs, and 28 tribes. Most previously published keys do not include all recognized subfamilies and even complete keys lead to incorrect identification of certain taxa. We here present a comprehensive and well-illustrated identification key to subfamilies and tribes (except Emesinae) of Reduviidae. The key is complemented by taxon treatments that provide, for each subfamily, diagnostic features, notes on taxonomy and distribution, a comment on taxa occurring in Canada, natural history notes, and a short bibliography.

Pothea sp. Photo by Stephen A. Marshall