Morphological Summary


Clade formed by (((I. apache + I. calligraphus) + I. lecontei) + I. cribricollis), see Cognato and Sun (2007).



Cognato, A.I.2015. Biology, systematics, and evolution of IpsIn Bark beetles: biology and ecology of native and invasive species. Edited by F.E. Vega and R.W. Hofstetter. Elsevier, San Diego, California. Pp. 351–370.

Cognato, A.I. and Sun, J.H. 2007. DNA based cladograms augment the discovery of a new Ips species from China (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae). Cladistics23: 539–551.

EPPO. No date. Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests: Ips calligraphus. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Wood, S.L. 1982. The bark and ambrosia beetles of North and Central America (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), a taxonomic monograph. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs6: 1–1359.

Internet resources