Figures: 6, 34, 49, 68, 118, 126, 144-145, 178, 221

In addition to the Ecdyonurinae characteristics, the following combination of characteristics will identify the genus:

Larval Diagnosis

Larvae of Compsoneuria are distinct from all other Ecdyonurinae genera by having the combination of long, sharply pointed supracoxal spurs (as in Fig. 79), black spotting on the head capsule and femora, and narrow, apically pointed glossae (Fig. 68). Leucrocuta larvae also have black spotting on the head capsule but the glossae are subquadrate rather than narrow and apically pointed, and the setae on the ventral surface of the maxillae are fimbriate, whereas those of Compsoneuria are simple (Fig. 49). Additionally, Compsoneuria is found in the Afrotropical and Oriental realms, whereas Leucrocuta occurs in the Nearctic realms.

Adult Diagnosis

The presence of ventral spines on the penes (Fig. 144) distinguishes Compsoneuria males from all other Ecdyonurinae genera except the simplicioides group of Ecdyonurus, Nixe, Leucrocuta, and Ecdyogymnurus. Compsoneuria is distinguished from these genera by the presence of black spotting on the femora (Fig. 126), a reduction in the number of crossveins in the forewings (Fig. 178), and an Oriental and Afrotropical distribution. Most males of Compsoneuria have three dark bands on the tibiae (Fig. 126), although these are absent in several Afrotropical species.


Afrotropical, Oriental (Fig. 221).